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Friday, October 30, 2020

What is Smart City?

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It is difficult to get a single definition of this concept. In recent years, although we are talking more and more about the development of smart cities, it is increasingly difficult to find “that” definition unanimously accepted. As there are several interconnected industries, experts have tried to clarify things as follows:
“First it must be said that Smart City (SC) is not a product – it is not a service. The Smart City concept represents a road, a journey, for our residents of these communities that we will have to travel with representatives of central and local authorities, the university environment but also those of private companies – those who come with technologies, know -how and products to be implemented. An intelligent and sustainable city is an innovative city that uses information and communications technology, as well as other means to improve the quality of life, efficiency of urban operations and services as well as competitiveness, ensuring the needs of present and future generations in terms of economic, social aspects. and the environment.” Eduard Dumitrascu, WSCO President
“A city can be defined as” smart “when investments in human and social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) infrastructure promote sustainable economic development and high quality of life, with wise management of natural resources, through participatory actions and commitment. ”- Caragliu and Nijkamp 2009
An urban area that creates sustainable economic development and high quality of life through excellence in several key areas: economy, mobility, environment, people, life and government. Excellence in these key areas can be achieved through strong human capital, social capital and / or ICT infrastructure – Business Dictionary

6 keywords to understand the smart city
Smart cities want to face many urban challenges: environment, good governance, mobility, prosperity, growing population (or aging), etc. A few keywords summarize how smart city projects address these challenges.

collaborative
In the smart city, public services operate in an open environment. Public institutions change their data and share their projects to make services more efficient and user-focused, while creating major savings in local budgets.

economic
the smart city thinks in a sustainable and sustainable way, therefore, it saves energy, water, raw materials, food and financial resources to continue to prosper in a transitional era, while reducing polluting emissions.

innovative
the smart city must encourage its citizens, companies and public services to come up with new ways of organizing, sharing, communicating and producing … to develop the urban area through innovative services.

integrated
the smart city cannot leave anyone behind and, therefore, must enrich the quality of life of each one, reducing the social divisions of education, gender, health, safety, etc.

participatory
the smart city is not a real city if it does not integrate with the citizens, with their businesses … with their lifestyle in fact. Nobody can be left out of a part of the smart city! Active participation is essential for good governance in the smart city.

simplified
smart cities, with the exception of a few rare smart cities created from scratch (Song Do, NEOM), all have a past and a history that has marked local character and degree of development while regulations or customs have gradually developed … sometimes outdated. , sometimes counter-productive and often against the use of new technologies.

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